The monsoon coffee
India booming country in green coffee production
What you should know about India as a coffee origin
- It is one of the six coffee origins that make up the Himalayan Monsoon coffee geography
- It has 13 coffee regions each with its own and differentiated cup profile
- 40% of its production is of the Arabica species and 60% of the robust species
- 0.29% of the cultivated land, 459,000 hectares, is planted with coffee trees.
- The most widely cultivated varietals of the Arabica species are Kents, S.795, Cauvery, Sln.9
- Its production is smallholder with thousands of families dedicated and dependent on its cultivation
- At Mare Terra Coffee we import and distribute the Terras range of coffee produced in India.
- It ranks eighth as a coffee producer worldwide
- The cultivation of coffee began in its territory at the beginning of the 19th century
- Harvest coffee from December to March and export coffee throughout the year
- The traditional and most entrenched method of processing coffee is called Natural.
- Most of the coffee plantations in India are cultivated between 700 and 2,000 meters above sea level.
- The standard size of green coffee bags in the country is 60 kilos, at Mare Terra Coffee we pack it, depending on the quality, in 30 kg and 5 kg
- India’s top five coffee importing countries are: Germany, Russia, Spain, Belgium, Slovenia
Thousand Coffee Growers
Thousand Hectares with Coffee Trees
The diversity of its different geographical regions plays a fundamental role in obtaining different varieties and flavors in Indian coffee.
Coffee growing in India
India is divided into four distinct regions : the Himalayas acting as a divider of the Indian continent, the river plains of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, the great Deccan plateau and the eastern and western Gathes massifs that are part of the set of topographic elements of India. .
The country is located near the equator and in the tropical zone, which is why it has diverse biotopes and three very opposite ecosystems : tropical, dry and humid forests along with deserts and subtropical savannas.
The soils where coffee is grown in India are well oxygenated so that the rain from the regions filters correctly and favors organic cultivation.
India benefits from a tropical climate all year round with temperatures between 23º and 28º C, depending on its regions the climate may vary. Climatic conditions such as monsoon rains favor the cultivation of coffee since they help to achieve the necessary humidity between 70% and 90%, these conditions make the plantations flourish in large quantities.
The coffee economy has been relevant since the early 17th century thanks to organizations that help to improve the presence of coffee in India.
India is oriented to the future seeking to optimize the connection of buyers with coffee growers, respecting traceability and aimed at improving coffee conditions and the quality of life of coffee growers and their families.
- Coffee accounts for 5% of India’s total exports
- The contribution of coffee to the agricultural GDP of India is 0.20%
- The average farm size per producer is 2 hectares
- The equity rate in coffee production in India is 3 to 7 (30% men and 70% women)
- The average age of farmers is between 48 and 50 years
Our green coffees that we import and distribute from
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India, the coffee of the monsoons
Coffee production in India is booming with small producers who with great dedication seek quality, knowledge and experimentation in green coffee.
Indian culture impresses anyone who knows it with its fusion of cultures and religions, its inhabitants have a mentality open to change and progress, this factor influences that they are open to changes, experimentations and improvements in coffee crops from the country.
India is a country of reliefs that includes the highest mountain system in the world: The Himalayas, to the south of this is the Indo-Gangetic plain and to the west the Thar desert, the diversity of landscapes and its climatic conditions offers us places unique for the cultivation of coffees.
In a country where tea consumption is deeply rooted, coffee makes its way to the inhabitants of southern India with aromatic cup profiles, intense flavors and mild acidity.