Southeast Asia

East Timor

The promise of green coffee

East Timor country of innovation in green coffee processes

What you should know about East Timor as a coffee origin

  1. It is one of the six coffee origins that make up the Insulin coffee geography.
  2. It has 13 coffee regions each with its own and differentiated cup profile
  3. 90% of its production is of the arabica species and 10% of the robustaspecies.
  4. 15.59% of the cultivated land, 59,278 hectares, is planted with coffee trees.
  5. The most cultivated arabica varietals are Catimor, Typica, Sarchimor and Timor Hybrid.
  6. Its production is smallholder with thousands of families dedicated and dependent on its cultivation
Trabajadores de Timor Oriental realizando tareas en las tierras de cosecha
Bosque con personas cogiendo cañas de bambú en Timor Oriental
  1. At Mare Terra Coffee we import and distribute the Terras range of coffee produced in East Timor.
  2. It is the 30th largest coffee producer in the world.
  3. The cultivation of coffee began in its territory at the beginning of the 19th century
  4. Harvests coffee from May to September and exports coffee from August to December.
  5. The traditional and most entrenched method of processing coffee is called Lavado
  6. Most coffee plantations in Timor are cultivated between 1,200 and 1,700 meters above sea level.
  7. The standard size of green coffee bags in the country is 60 kilos, in Mare Terra Coffee we pack it, depending on the quality, in 30 kg and 5 kg.
  8. The five main importing countries of Timor coffee are: United States, Indonesia, Germany, China and Australia.


World Producer


Coffee Regions


Thousand Coffee Growers


Thousand Hectares with Coffee Trees

Organic farming techniques and process innovation are the future of East Timorese coffee

Coffee cultivation in East Timor

The topography of East Timor rises on a fault line formed by mountain ranges with heights such as Mount Tatamailau reaching 2,963 meters above sea level.

East Timor has two distinct ecosystems: the terrestrial ecosystem with national parks and a diversity of fauna and flora, and the marine ecosystem, which is one of the most biodiverse on the planet.

The cropland is particular to the crops of East Timor because it is terraced, the soils are eroded volcanic and are shaded, a factor that favors water regulation.

The country’s climate is tropical and has microclimates, mostly arid with a short rainy season and an average of 1,200 mm. Coastal temperatures are arid being a tropical country with a short rainy season and an average rainfall of 1200 mm. The whole country has different microclimates depending on the area.

The coffee economy began to develop in the 19th century and is the only agricultural crop exported to this day.

East Timor seeks to modernize its coffee crops with a desire to innovate and learn so that its coffee can be recognized worldwide.

  • Coffee accounts for 80% of East Timor’s total exports
  • Coffee’s contribution to East Timor’s agricultural GDP is 7.5%.
  • The average farm size per producer is 2 hectares
  • The equity rate in coffee production in East Timor is 7 to 3 (70% men and 30% women).
  • The average age of coffee growers is between 45 and 50 years old.

Our green coffees that we import and distribute from the East Timor Origin

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Mare Terra Green Coffee range

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East Timor, the promise of green coffee

Coffee growers make great efforts in agricultural techniques and in the construction of processing plants. Although resources are minimal, the farmers’ efforts to improve are reflected on a daily basis.

Endless coasts and mountains covered with green and volcanic areas East Timor is home to a contrasting landscape that gives rise to a unique cultivation and unparalleled coffee.

Although East Timor coffee is not so well known worldwide, we cannot fail to taste a coffee with a balanced cup profile, an intense sweetness, floral notes and a silky body.

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