Variety of coffee and diverse flavours
Indonesia country of coffee archipelagos
What you should know about Indonesia as a coffee origin
- It is one of the six coffee origins that make up the Insulin coffee geography.
- It has 8 coffee growing regions, each with its own differentiated cup profile.
- 25% of its production is of the arabica species and 75% of the robusta species.
- 15.90% of the cultivated land, 1.24 million hectares, is planted with coffee plants.
- The most cultivated arabica varietals are Típica, Caturra, Bourbon, Catimor, Tim Tim and S-Hybrids.
- Its production is smallholder with millions of families devoted to and dependent on its cultivation.
- Indonesian coffee has a protected designation of origin – PDO: Java
- At Mare Terra Coffee we import and distribute the Terras range of coffee produced in Indonesia.
- Ranked fourth largest coffee producer in the world
- Coffee cultivation began in its territory at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
- Harvest and export coffee throughout the year
- The traditional method for processing coffee is ‘Giling Basah’ – wet hulling.
- Most coffee plantations in Indonesia are cultivated between 1,000 and 2,000 meters above sea level (meters above sea level), depending on the variety.
- The standard size of green coffee bags in the country is 60 kilos, at Mare Terra Coffee we pack it, depending on the quality, 30 kg and 5 kg
- The five main importing countries of Indonesian coffee are: Malaysia, the United States, Italy, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
The diverse geographic and environmental components are the culmination of an excellent coffee.
Coffee cultivation in Indonesia
The Indonesian archipelago is made up of a group of numerous mountainous islands with peaks ranging from 2,000 to 3,000 meters above sea level. Its typography includes a chain of volcanic mountains that enrich the coffee crops.
Indonesia is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, with extensive marine and terrestrial ecosystems and an infinite variety of flora and fauna.
The fertile soils are enriched by volcanic eruptions that favor soil organic matter, a very positive factor for coffee crops.
Indonesia is an archipelago formed by a large number of islands that are wrapped around the equator, so it is a tropical country with its humidity and rainfall throughout the year.
Temperatures range from 22 to 32 degrees Celsius depending on the area as well as the rainfall which determines the seasons according to the monsoons, the season from December to March monsoons are located in the northeast of the archipelago while in the southeast from June to September. All these factors make humidity more than favorable for coffee crops.
The coffee economy has been relevant since the early 17th century with times when coffee cultivation has been crucial as the engine of Indonesian society.
Indonesia believes in the future of its coffee plantations, proof of which is the search for and investment in the productivity and training of coffee growers, the advance in mechanized processing systems as well as sustainability on its farms.
- Coffee accounts for 8% of total Indonesian exports
- Coffee’s contribution to Indonesia’s agricultural GDP is 3.5%.
- The average farm size per producer is less than 1 hectare.
- The equity rate in coffee production in Indonesia is 7.4 to 2.6 (74% men and 26% women).
- The average age of coffee growers is between 30 and 35 years old.
Our green coffees that we import and distribute from
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Indonesia, coffee varieties and distinctive flavors
Indonesian coffee growers work in small farms and dedicate all their passion and effort to achieve unique processes in the coffee they produce.
Indonesia has a great diversity of religions and civilizations reflecting a multicultural country. It is a country of frenzy of ideologies with a nexus of different ethnicities that are molded into a nation that leaves no one indifferent.
Unique and unrepeatable landscapes can be seen in the largest archipelago in the world, Indonesia is formed by five main islands with other small ones around. The fusion of beaches, volcanic mountains and coffee trees are environments that coexist in the islands forming a unique landscape.
At present the citizens of Indonesia are the first consumers of their own coffee, and not surprisingly, we all like to experience distinctive flavors such as the cups of Indonesian coffee that stand out for their enveloping aroma, acidity and good body.