Cafe from the slopes of volcanoes
Guatemala is a country of microclimates and soils of great mineral richness, unique for the production of Arabica green coffee
What you should know about Guatemala as a coffee origin
- It is one of the eight coffee origins that make up the Two Oceans coffee geography
- It has 8 coffee regions each with its own and differentiated cup profile
- 90% of its production is of the Arabica species and 10% of the robust species
- 2.8% of the cultivated land, 305,000 hectares , is planted with coffee trees
- The most widely cultivated varietals of the Arabica species are Bourbon, Caturra, Catuaí, Pache and Typica
- Its production is smallholder with thousands of families dedicated and dependent on its cultivation
- Guatemalan coffee has two denominations of origin – DO: Acatanengo and Antigua.
- At Mare Terra Coffee we import and distribute all the qualities of coffee produced in Guatemala except the lowest quality, the commercial grade.
- It ranks tenth as a coffee producer worldwide
- The cultivation of coffee began in its territory at the beginning of the 18th century
- Harvest coffee from October to March and export coffee throughout the year
- The traditional and most entrenched method of processing coffee is called Lavado
- Most of the coffee plantations in Guatemala are cultivated between 600 and 2,000 meters above sea level.
- The standard size of green coffee bags in the country is 69 kilos, at Mare Terra Coffee we pack it, depending on the quality, in 60 kg, 30 kg and 5 kg
- The top five countries that import coffee from Guatemala are: United States, Japan, Canada, Belgium and Italy
Thousand Coffee Growers
Thousand Hectares with Coffee Trees
Volcanic soils rich in minerals, little humidity, lots of sun and cold nights are the success of the Guatemalan coffee profiles.
Coffee growing in Guatemala
The Guatemalan topography is mountainous, a chain of 34 volcanoes runs through the country parallel to the Pacific Ocean, along this chain is the ‘Coffee Belt’ the location between two oceans and volcanic land forms the optimal environment for plant growth of coffee.
Guatemala has, generalizing, thirteen ecosystems, bushes, grasslands, agricultural water and other uses of the land, all of them collaborate for the development of the country’s coffees.
The mineral-rich soils of the mountain ranges that criss-cross the country contribute to the high quality of Guatemala’s coffee.
In Guatemala, the most suitable and beneficial temperature for coffee production is 16 to 32º C, in lands located at an altitude of 500 to 700 meters above sea level, young plants should be shaded. In areas of 1,500 meters, plantations must be protected from cold north winds.
Since the 1850s, coffee has been one of the main products of the Guatemalan economy
Green coffee is one of the products that Guatemala exports the most. Despite the fact that in the 2001 crisis, many coffee growers chose to seek alternatives for diversifying their crops, coffee has managed to remain among the most exported products in the country.
- Coffee represents 7.32% of total Guatemalan exports
- The contribution of coffee to the agricultural GDP of Guatemala is 15%
- The average farm size per producer is less than 2 hectares
- The equity rate in coffee production in Guatemala is 4.8 to 5.2 (52% men and 48% women)
- The average age of coffee growers is between 25 and 40 years
Our green coffees that we import and distribute from Guatemala Origin
Guatemalan coffee growers
The best way to know about Guatemalan coffee is to listen to those who dedicate their lives to producing it: their coffee growers.
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Guatemala, coffee from the slopes of the volcanoes
Approximately half of the coffee production in Guatemala comes from small producers who grow their coffees at more than 1,500 meters above sea level, this makes it really difficult for any type of mechanization to reach the crops. Most of the coffee growers in Guatemala preserve the traditional techniques of cultivation and processing of the grain.
One of the main strengths that Guatemala has is found in its culture, the source of the country’s development. Guatemalan culture is characterized by being multilingual and multiethnic, the country has managed to preserve its culture with great care and as a consequence it is currently one of the best preserved. This culture and tradition are transferred to the coffee trees, to their people, who, generation after generation, preserve the profiles of traditional flavors in their coffee beans.
The majesty of its landscapes, the incomparable beauty of its emblematic archaeological and colonial sites, have the recognition and admiration of the international community. This recognition has been manifested by inscribing three places on the UNESCO World Heritage List, two of them cultural. Its lands, full of coffee trees, are participants in all its landscapes.
Guatemalan coffee is a classic coffee among consumers, with a cup profile that attracts many people. It is balanced, full-bodied, sweet and has varying degrees of acidity. At high altitudes these coffees develop delicious aromas.