Mosaic coffee lands
Mexico country where coffee grows strong to be roasted
What you should know about Mexico as a coffee origin
- It is one of the eight coffee origins that make up the Two Oceans coffee geography
- It has 12 coffee regions , each one with its own and differentiated cup profile.
- 98% of its production is of the arabica species and 2% of the robusta species
- 2.77% of the cultivated land, 761,161 hectares, is planted with coffee trees.
- The most cultivated varietals of the Arabica species are Típica, Bourbon, Catimor and Garnica.
- Its production is smallholder with thousands of families dedicated and dependent on its cultivation
- Mexican coffee has two protected designations of origin – PDOs: Chiapas and Veracruz.
- At Mare Terra Coffee we import and distribute the Terras range of coffee produced in Mexico.
- It occupies the thirteenth position as a producer of coffee worldwide
- The cultivation of coffee began in its territory at the beginning of the 18th century
- Harvest coffee from November to March and export coffee from January to August
- The traditional and most entrenched method of processing coffee is called Lavado
- Most of the coffee plantations in Mexico are cultivated between 600 and +1,800 meters above sea level.
- The standard size of green coffee bags in the country is 69 kilos, at Mare Terra Coffee we pack it, depending on the quality, in 60 kg, 30 kg and 5 kg
- The five main importing countries of coffee from Mexico are: United States, Germany, Japan, Cuba and Canada
Thousand Coffee Growers
Thousand Hectares with Coffee Trees
The coffee harvest is done manually, selecting the ripe cherries, success for the flavors of Mexican coffee
Coffee cultivation in Mexico
Two large mountain ranges shape the relief of Mexico. In the west rises the imposing Sierra Madre Occidental, reaching its highest point on Cerro Gordo. To the east is the Sierra Madre Oriental, the mountain range has a rugged topography in which valleys, canyons and ravines are frequent. The country’s coffee trees are spread over both mountain ranges.
Due to its geographic location and diverse relief, Mexico has a great diversity of ecosystems, ranging from the highest mountains where coffee plants grow to deep seas, deserts and coral reefs, cloud forests and coastal lagoons. Mexico is the fourth country of the so-called megadiverse , a group of nations in whose national lands and waters inhabits more than 70% of the planet’s biodiversity.
The highlands of Mexico and the rich nutrients of its volcanic soils combine to create an ideal natural environment for growing high-quality coffee beans.
Mexico is the northernmost coffee country in the Americas. Grain crops are located between 20 and 16 degrees latitude, which allows reaching in some territories a average annual temperature of 20 degrees Celsius centigrade, at an elevation of only 513 meters above sea level.
Mexican coffee, of high economic and social value, is one of the main agricultural products of Mexico that are traded in international markets.
Pests, climate change, low prices, technological backwardness and lack of labor are some of the challenges that impact the lives of small Mexican producers, most of whom have crops of 3 hectares.
- Coffee represents 5% of total Mexican exports
- The contribution of coffee to the agricultural GDP of Mexico is 1.34%
- The average farm size per producer is less than 3 hectares.
- The equity ratio in coffee production in Mexico is 7 to 3 (70% men and 30% women).
- The average age of coffee growers is between 40 and 50 years.
Our green coffees that we import and distribute from
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Mexico, land of coffee mosaics
Approximately 70% of the coffee production in Mexico is smallholder, small producers make an effort to harvest the cherries at their optimum point to guarantee a great cup of coffee.
Cradle of ancient cultures, Mexico is a mestizo culture, the result of complex dynamics of cultural mixtures that come from different continents. The history of coffee in the country is also complex, it is still unknown if the first coffee trees came through French merchants, through their indigenous communities or from Cuba at the hands of a Spanish Count. Be that as it may, coffee came to Mexico to stay, develop and offer a wide variety.
At the beginning of summer, the landscape of the coffee fields is transformed into a beautiful carpet of furrows that is filled with thousands of coffee growers who start planting so that the plant is established during the winter. It is then that the coffee-growing towns of Mexico become mosaics of cultural diversity.
Mexican coffees are known for having a light and smooth body often with delicate nutty flavors and chocolate undertones. Most of the plantations in the country are organic by default, this positions it as one of the main producing countries of organic coffees.