The Republic of El Salvador is located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, has an area of 21,041 km² and is home to 6.8 million inhabitants.
The particularity of this coffee origin is its coffee forests and its land surrounded by the Apaneca-Ilamapatec mountain range and the Sierra Madre de Chiapas.These conditions influenced the obtaining of their Denominations of Origin. El Salvador’s six coffee growing regions have D.O.’s.The coffee sector and the country’s coffee economy are based on the struggle for a firm and lasting traceability of its crops.
From the ecological and biodiversity point of view, coffee is of vital importance in El Salvador, since it is the main contributor to the maintenance of soil cover and, unlike other crops, has replaced the original forest with an adequate tree system, It is made up of coffee plantations, shade trees, windbreaks, grasses, among others, which is why it is considered a “Subtropical Humid Forest” in Holdridge’s classification. The soils of El Salvador are 90% volcanic, the characteristics of these soils is that they tend to accumulate a large amount of organic matter, this factor is of great help for the development and cultivation of coffee.
El Salvador is located in the tropical climate zone, with similar temperatures throughout the year, with average temperatures of 25º C and average annual rainfall of 1823 mm, optimal for the development of coffee plants.
The Apaneca mountain range is a volcanic mountain range locatedin the west of El Salvador, this mountain range is composed of volcanoes, including the IIamatepec volcano, one of the most active in the region.
The Apanenca-Ilamatepec coffee-growing region has an estimated population of 1.26 million inhabitants and an area of 4,289.95 km², This region has 37 coffee-growing districts, including Santa Ana, Ahuachapán, Juayúa, and Sonsonate, these districts are home to more than 9,740 families cultivating more than 70,881 hectares of land of arabica coffee of the Pacas, Bourbon, Pacamara, Catimores, Casticis, Cuscatleco and Catuaí varietals. Apaneca – Ilamatepec occupies the 1st place as the country’s coffee growing region with a production of 53% of the country’s total production.