Indonesia is an island country located in Southeast Asia and Oceania, this country comprises 17,508 islands in which approximately 270.62 million inhabitants live in an area of 1.90 million km², it is the 4th largest coffee producer in the world, more than 1.24 million hectares are dedicated to coffee cultivation.
The Indonesian archipelago is made up of a group of numerousañosislands with peaks ranging from 2,000 to 3,000 meters above sea level, its typography includes a chain of volcanic mountains that favors coffee cultivation, its fertile lands are enriched by volcanic eruptions that help develop organic matter in the soil, a very positive factor for coffee crops. Indonesia is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, with extensive marine and terrestrial ecosystems and an infinity of varieties of fauna and flora, it is an archipelago formed by large numbers of islands that are wrapped around the equator, therefore, is a country with a tropical climate. with high humidity and rainfall throughout the year.
Temperatures range from 22 to 32 degrees Celsius depending on the area as well as the rainfall which determines the seasons according to the monsoons, the season from December to March monsoons are located in the northeast of the archipelago, while in the southeast from June to September. All these factors increase humidity, making it more than favorable for coffee crops.
The coffee growing region of Sumatra – Central Aceh has 5 coffee growing regions, with an estimated population of 270.62 million inhabitants and an area of 18,577 km². 15.90% of the cultivated land is planted with coffee trees. The most cultivated varietals are Típica, Caturra, Bourbon, Catimor, Tim and S-Hybrids. 70% of its production is represented by women